July 7, 2019  |  

Strain Kaplan of pseudorabies virus genome sequenced by PacBio single-molecule real-time sequencing technology.

Pseudorabies virus (PRV) is a neurotropic herpesvirus that causes Aujeszky’s disease in pigs. PRV strains are widely used as transsynaptic tracers for mapping neural circuits. We present here the complete and fully annotated genome sequence of strain Kaplan of PRV, determined by Pacific Biosciences RSII long-read sequencing technology. Copyright © 2014 Tombácz et al.


July 7, 2019  |  

Comparison of pseudorabies virus China reference strain with emerging variants reveals independent virus evolution within specific geographic regions.

Pseudorabies virus (PRV) China reference strain Ea is genetically closely related to newly emerged variants; however, there is limited information about PRV Ea. Here, we compared PRV Ea with new variant strains by growth kinetics, genome sequencing, and protein expression analysis. Growth analysis showed that strain Ea forms smaller plaques than strain HNX. The full-length genome sequence of Ea revealed that it is clustered in the same subgroup as HNX. Ea and HNX strains exhibited similar extracellular virion protein polymorphisms, whereas strain Bartha expressed less VP26 and more GAPDH. In infected cells, strain Ea expressed high levels of IE180 protein, and Ea and HNX produced higher levels of UL21 protein than strain Bartha. These findings provide evidence that PRV China reference strain Ea is genetically closely related to the newly emerged variant strains, indicating that strain PRV China may have evolved independently leading to the emergence of a variant strain. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


July 7, 2019  |  

Genomic analyses reveal that partial sequence of an earlier pseudorabies virus in China is originated from a Bartha-vaccine-like strain.

Pseudorabies virus (PRV), the causative agent of Aujeszky?s disease, has gained increased attention in China in recent years as a result of the outbreak of emergent pseudorabies. Several genomic and partial sequences are available for Chinese emergent and European-American strains of PRV, but limited sequence data exist for the earlier Chinese strains. In this study, we determined the complete genomic sequence of one earlier Chinese strain SC and one emergent strain HLJ8. Compared with other known sequences, we demonstrated that PRV strains from distinct geographical regions displayed divergent evolution. Additionally, we report for the first time, a recombination event between PRV strains, and show that strain SC is a recombinant of an endemic Chinese strain and a Bartha-vaccine-like strain. These results contribute to our understanding of PRV evolution. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


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