July 7, 2019  |  

Lifestyle of Lactobacillus hordei isolated from water kefir based on genomic, proteomic and physiological characterization.

Water kefir is a traditional fermented beverage made from sucrose, water, kefir granules, dried or fresh fruits. In our water kefir granules, Lactobacillus (L.) hordei is one of the predominant lactic acid bacteria (LAB) species of this presumed symbiotic consortium. It faces abundant sucrose versus limitation of amino- and fatty acids in an acidic environment. Sequencing of the genome of L. hordei TMW 1.1822 revealed one chromosome plus three plasmids. The size of the chromosome was 2.42?Mbp with a GC content of 35% GC and 2461 predicted coding sequences. Furthermore, we identified 1474 proteins upon growth on water kefir medium. Metabolic prediction revealed all enzymes required for the glycolytic Embden-Meyerhof (EMP) and phosphoketolase (PKP) pathways. Genes encoding all enzymes involved in citrate, pyruvate and mannitol metabolism are present. Moreover, it was confirmed that L. hordei is prototrophic for 11 amino acids and auxotrophic for 6 amino acids when combining putative biosynthesis pathways for amino acids with physiological characterization. Still, for glycine, serine and methionine no sure auxotype could be determined. The OppABCDF peptide transport system is complete, and 13 genes encoding peptidases are present. The arginine deiminase system, was predicted to be complete except for carbamate kinase, thus enabling neutralization reactions via ammonium formation but no additional energy generation. Taken together our findings enable prediction of the L. hordei lifestyle in water kefir: Abundant sucrose is consumed directly via parallel EMP and PK pathways and is also extracellularly converted to dextran and fructose by a glucansucrase, leaving fructose as additional carbon source. Essential amino acids (in the form of peptides) and citrate are acquired from fruits. In the lack of FabB unsaturated fatty acids are synthesized by predicted alternative enzymes. Formation of acetoin and diacetyl as well as arginine conversion reactions enable acidification limitation. Other members of the water kefir consortium (yeasts, acetic acid bacteria) likely facilitate or support growth of L. hordei by delivering gluconate, mannitol, amino- and fatty acids and vitamins. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


July 7, 2019  |  

Whole-genome sequence of purple non-sulfur bacteria, Rhodobacter sphaeroides strain MBTLJ-8 with improved CO2 reduction capacity.

Rhodobacter sphaeroides consists of two chromosomes and many plasmids and incorporates many environmentally important functional gene. Rhodobacter sphaeroides MBTLJ-8 was derived from R. sphaeroides 2.4.1 using chemical mutagenesis and is characterized by enhanced production of physiological active compounds as well as improved carbon dioxide reduction capacity. We reported the complete genome sequence and characteristics based on genomic information of this bacteria. Therefore, this genome sequence provides elucidation for improved CO2 fixation and enhanced physiological active compounds production, and will be used as the efficient photosynthetic bacteria for the biological CO2 reduction system. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


July 7, 2019  |  

Draft genome sequence of the xanthocidin-producing strain Streptomyces sp. AcE210, isolated from a root nodule of Alnus glutinosa (L.).

Streptomyces sp. strain AcE210 exhibited antibacterial activity toward Gram-positive microorganisms and turned out to be a rare producer of the special- ized metabolite xanthocidin. The 10.6-Mb draft genome sequence gives insight into the complete specialized metabolite production capacity and builds the basis to find and locate the biosynthetic gene cluster of xanthocidin.


July 7, 2019  |  

Genome analysis of Rhodococcus Sp. DSSKP-R-001: A highly effective ß-estradiol-degrading bacterium.

We screened bacteria that use E2 as its sole source of carbon and energy for growth and identified them as Rhodococcus, and we named them DSSKP-R-001. For a better understanding of the metabolic potential of the strain, whole genome sequencing of Rhodococcus DSSKP-R-001 and annotation of the functional genes were performed. The genomic sketches included a predicted protein-coding gene of approximately 5.4?Mbp with G?+?C content of 68.72% and 5180. The genome of Rhodococcus strain DSSKP-R-001 consists of three replicons: one chromosome and two plasmids of 5.2, 0.09, and 0.09, respectively. The results showed that there were ten steroid-degrading enzymes distributed in the whole genome of the strain. The existence and expression of estradiol-degrading enzymes were verified by PCR and RTPCR. Finally, comparative genomics was used to compare multiple strains of Rhodococcus. It was found that Rhodococcus DSSKP-R-001 had the highest similarity to Rhodococcus sp. P14 and there were 2070 core genes shared with Rhodococcus sp. P14, Rhodococcus jostii RHA1, Rhodococcus opacus B4, and Rhodococcus equi 103S, showing evolutionary homology. In summary, this study provides a comprehensive understanding of the role of Rhodococcus DSSKP-R-001 in estradiol-efficient degradation of these assays for Rhodococcus. DSSKP-R-001 in bioremediation and evolution within Rhodococcus has important meaning.


July 7, 2019  |  

Complete genome sequence of the endophytic bacterium Chryseobacterium indologenes PgBE177, isolated from Panax quinquefolius.

Chryseobacterium indologenes PgBE177, isolated from the root tissue of a 4-year-old Panax quinquefolius plant, showed antagonistic activity against Pseu- domonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000, a bacterial pathogen. Here, we report the whole-genome sequence of C. indologenes PgBE177. The bacterium contains bacteri- ocin gene clusters and has the potential to stimulate plant growth.


July 7, 2019  |  

Complete genome sequences of three Leptospira mayottensis strains from tenrecs that are endemic in the Malagasy region

Leptospirosis is a zoonosis caused by Leptospira, a diversified genus containing more than 10 pathogenic species. Tenrecs are small terrestrial mammals endemic in the Malagasy region and are known to be reservoirs of the recently de- scribed species Leptospira mayottensis. We report the complete genome sequences of three L. mayottensis strains isolated from two tenrec species.


July 7, 2019  |  

Complete genome sequence of the Arcobacter ellisii type strain LMG 26155.

Arcobacter spp. are highly prevalent in contaminated environmental wa- ters and have been recovered from both freshwater and seawater, with several spe- cies isolated from shellfish. Arcobacter ellisii was recovered from mussels collected in Catalonia, Spain. This study describes the whole-genome sequence of the A. ellisii type strain LMG 26155 (?F79-6T?CECT 7837T).


July 7, 2019  |  

Complete genome sequence of the Arcobacter marinus type strain JCM 15502.

Arcobacter species are often recovered from marine environments and are isolated from both seawater and shellfish. Arcobacter marinus was recovered from the homogenate of a sample containing surface seawater, seaweed, and a star- fish. This study describes the whole-genome sequence of the A. marinus type strain JCM 15502 (= CL-S1T = KCCM 90072T).


July 7, 2019  |  

Complete genome sequence of lanthionine-producing Lactobacillus brevis strain 100D8, generated by PacBio sequencing.

Lactobacillus brevis strain 100D8 was isolated from rye silage and showed rapid acidification ability in vitro and antifungal activity against mycotoxin- producing fungi. We report here the complete genome sequence of L. brevis strain 100D8, which has a circular chromosome (2,351,988 bp, 2,304 coding sequences [CDSs]) and three plasmids (45,061 bp, 57 CDSs; 40,740 bp, 40 CDSs; and 39,943 bp, 57 CDSs).


July 7, 2019  |  

Genome analysis of Vallitalea guaymasensis strain L81 isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent system.

Abyssivirga alkaniphila strain L81T, recently isolated from a black smoker biofilm at the Loki’s Castle hydrothermal vent field, was previously described as a mesophilic, obligately anaerobic heterotroph able to ferment carbohydrates, peptides, and aliphatic hydrocarbons. The strain was classified as a new genus within the family Lachnospiraceae. Herein, its genome is analyzed and A. alkaniphila is reassigned to the genus Vallitalea as a new strain of V. guaymasensis, designated V. guaymasensis strain L81. The 6.4 Mbp genome contained 5651 protein encoding genes, whereof 4043 were given a functional prediction. Pathways for fermentation of mono-saccharides, di-saccharides, peptides, and amino acids were identified whereas a complete pathway for the fermentation of n-alkanes was not found. Growth on carbohydrates and proteinous compounds supported methane production in co-cultures with Methanoplanus limicola. Multiple confurcating hydrogen-producing hydrogenases, a putative bifurcating electron-transferring flavoprotein—butyryl-CoA dehydrogenase complex, and a Rnf-complex form a basis for the observed hydrogen-production and a putative reverse electron-transport in V. guaymasensis strain L81. Combined with the observation that n-alkanes did not support growth in co-cultures with M. limicola, it seemed more plausible that the previously observed degradation patterns of crude-oil in strain L81 are explained by unspecific activation and may represent a detoxification mechanism, representing an interesting ecological function. Genes encoding a capacity for polyketide synthesis, prophages, and resistance to antibiotics shows interactions with the co-occurring microorganisms. This study enlightens the function of the fermentative microorganisms from hydrothermal vents systems and adds valuable information on the bioprospecting potential emerging in deep-sea hydrothermal systems.


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